The Parthenon

Posted: January 24, 2014 in Uncategorized

ArS Artistic Adventure of Mankind

The Parthenon at the Acropolis of Athens is a Doric temple with Ionic architectural features built on the foundations of the Hecatompedon designed by Themistocles.  The Parthenon was designed by Ictinos and Callicrates, the architects who worked for Pericles in the Acropolis reconstruction. It had eight columns at its main facades and 17 columns in each side (it was then a peripteral octostyle temple). A peculiarity of the Parthenon is that the room posterior to its big cella or opisthodomos was relatively large.

When the Parthenon was built the traditional Doric style had reached to perfection. All the temple’s horizontal lines are slightly curved in order to overcome the deviations of perspective. This fact was revealed in 1847 by the English architect Francis Penrose who became famous when he discovered the slight curvature of the horizontal lines in the layout of the Parthenon. The building was constructed in 12 years…

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